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Keplerian systems

Keplerian systems can usually be focused from infinity to about 250 mm. The image viewed through a Keplerian system is inverted. An erecting prism then creates an upright image suitable for terrestrial observation.

Keplerian systems are useful as magnifying visual aids because they provide higher magnification than Galilean systems. They are often used as advanced systems in low vision care. For instance when visual performance has deteriorated and the patient is already using a Galilean system and is thus familiar with handling telescopic systems.
Magnifications from 3x to 6x are mounted in telescope frames. In the event of higher magnifications, monoculars help patients find their way outdoors.

Keplerian systems from SCHWEIZER can be used as telescopic systems in three different ways:

Standard focus systems:
Standard systems that can be focused from infinity to about 25 cm. The system can be set to the required distance.

Systems with individually set focus range:
The focus range is limited, e.g. from 25 cm up to the distance required for watching TV. A focus stop ring acts as a stopper and facilitates the use of Keplerian systems. The eye care professional adjusts the telescope focus to the desired distance, e.g. for watching TV, and fastens the focus stop ring on the housing to act as a hard stop when focusing. For closer working distances, e.g. reading, the visually impaired person can turn the objective lens outward until the image is crisp and clear. Turning the objective lens back until the hard stop is reached, refocuses the telescope for the original application, such as watching TV.

Fixed focus systems:
As the name suggests, the system focus is fixed. The eye care professional first adjusts the telescope focus to a specific distance (e.g. for watching TV) and then locks the setting using locking screws in the telescope housing. For closer working distances, front cap lenses can be used.

Keplerian systems are offered as advanced solutions if higher magnification is required than Galilean systems can provide. Although they are fitted like Galilean systems, eye care professionals need to bear in mind that the eyepiece pupil diameter of 3 mm is rather small, resulting in a smaller field of vision. By contrast, the back vertex distance during the trial frame test is rather large.

The OPTIK-AKADEMIE Training Portal offers a seminar on this topic consisting of several video tutorials:

Fitting Galilean telescopic spectacles

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Further information on product solutions for visually impaired people is provided at


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Keplerian systems - spectacles fitted with up to 6x magnification!1
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